Sunday, October 20, 2013
Posted By: in Trees

With the onset of autumn we look toward putting the garden to rest for the winter months but while we labour a spectacular display of colour sits just above our heads. These would be trees with great fall colour.

What causes the leaves to change colour in the fall?

Trees for Fall Colour

Weather plays an important role and affects both the colour intensity and its duration. What we have had this year would be considered perfect conditions for a spectacular fall display: a hot dry summer followed by a cool rainy fall. As the days grow shorter and the temperatures drop colours start to emerge beneath their blankets of green. Warm sunny days and cool clear nights trigger one of nature's most spectacular displays. Trees begin their preparation for winter by shutting down photosynthesis in the leaves which reduces the green pigment revealing the colours underneath. In some trees, especially maples, sugars that are trapped in the leaves when photosynthesis stops are turned red by the autumn sunlight and cool nights.

Acer griseum - Paperbark Maple

 

Acer griseum - Paperbark Maple

Highly ornamental small tree with peeling cinnamon coloured bark and small trifoliate leaves of bluish-green. It is a perfect fit for today's smaller gardens. Fall colour can be variations of red, rust and brown. Full sun in well-drained soil. Height: 6-9m Spread: 3-6m Zone: 4

acer palmatum - Japanese Maple Fall Colour

Acer palmatum var. - Japanese Maple

Available in a bewildering variety of sizes, forms and colours they can be single or multistemmed small trees or low shrubs. They are quite happy in either full sun or light shade and tolerate most soil types as long as there is proper drainage (they hate wet "feet"). Fall colour ranges from yellow, orange, red and purple. Height/Spread: Varies Zone: 5

Amelanchier spp. - Serviceberry

Hardy, fast growing upright shrubs to small trees with light grey bark and rounded dark green leaves. White flowers in early spring are followed by edible purplish black berries. Fall colour can be brilliant red, purple-bronze and brick red to yellow. Height/Spread: Varies Zone: 3-4

Katsura Tree - Cercidiphyllum japonica

Cercidiphyllum japonicum - Katsura

Beautiful tree with a dense pyramidal habit in youth becoming more rounded (like the rest of us!) with age. Leaves open reddish-purple gradually changing to bluish-green. Fall colour is yellow to apricot with the added bonus of the sweet scent of candy floss gently wafting through the warm autumn air. Prefers a moist, well-draining soil; will stress and drop leaves during periods of drought. Height: 15-20m Spread: 12-15m Zone: 4

Cornus - Dogwood Fall Colour

Cornus spp. - Dogwood

C. florida, C. kousa and C. nuttallii all make small to medium low-branched trees with upright spreading habits that develop into a rounded crowns. White or pink flowers in spring. Foliage is green through the spring and summer seasons turning red and purples in fall and may last several weeks. All prefer partial shade in cool, moist soils. Height: 6-8m Spread: 6-8m Zone: 5-6

Ginkgo Fall Colour - Maidenhair Tree

Ginkgo biloba - Maidenhair Tree

Unique tree from China with an upright habit that develops into a broad pyramidal crown. Leaves are bright green and fan-shaped; brilliant golden yellow in fall. Full sun in well-drained soil. Height: 15m Spread: 10m Zone: 3

Sweetgum Tree - Liquidambar Fall Colour

Liquidambar styraciflua - Sweetgum

Fast growing tree with star-shaped, dark glossy green leaves and a neat pyramidal crown that becomes more rounded with age. Cork-like greyish brown deeply furrowed bark adds interest through the seasons and especially during the winter months. Fall colouring is fairly consistent and can vary depending on cultivar from yellow to apricot-orange and purple-red. Full sun. Height: 18m Spread: 12m Zone: 5

Japanese Stewartia Tree - Stewartia pseudocamellia

 

Stewartia spp.

Highly desirable small to medium growing tree that forms a pyramidal to oval crown. Bark is sinuous and smooth with patches of soft grey-green over orange-brown. Single petaled white flowers June into July; very elegant. Leaves are dark green through the growing season becoming yellow, red or purplish-red in fall. Sun to partial shade in well-drained soils. Height: 8-12m Spread: 7-10m Zone: 5

Japanese Snowbell Tree - Syrax japonica

Styrax japonicus - Japanese Snowbell

Small to medium growing tree with wide spreading horizontal branches that form a broad-rounded crown. Hanging clusters of fragrant, dainty bell-shaped white flowers; May into June. Leaves are medium to dark green in summer and change to yellow or shades of red in fall. Full sun to light shade in well draining soils. Height: 7-8m Spread: 8m Zone: 5

Some other great trees for fall colour:

  • Betula - Birch
  • Carpinus- Hornbeam
  • Cercis - Eastern Redbud
  • Euonymus
  • Fagus - Beech
  • Fraxinus - Ash
  • Nyssa
  • Oxydendrum - Sourwood
  • Parrotia - Persian Ironwood
  • Pyrus - Flowering Pear
  • Quercus - Oak
Lyle Courtice A.H.

Lyle Courtice A.H.

Lyle is a certified Horticultural Technician (Niagara College), Landscape Designer, Nurseryman and the proprietor of HarkAway Botanicals.

Since 1980 Lyle has worked in both the retail and wholesale sectors of the horticultural trade; he operates his own wholesale nursery, which focuses on an eclectic mix of rare and choice plant material from Asia, Europe and North America. Lyle has appeared on The Canadian Gardener and is a contributing author to A Grower’s Choice (Raincoast books 2001).

His horticultural expertise makes him sought after as a consultant, lecturer, photographer, instructor and writer. An industry veteran, Lyle is esteemed within the horticultural community for his passionate and often humorous enthusiasm for plants.

Tel:604.882.1201
Email:info@artsnursery.com
Web:http://www.artsnursery.com
Facebook:http://www.facebook.com/artsnursery
Twitter:http://www.twitter.com/artsnursery


Sponsored Advertisement

Blog Profile

arts nursery logo
Art's Nursery is a 10+ acre retail and wholesale garden centre located in Surrey, a suburb of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. We've been in business at this same location since 1973 and we're proud to serve you today!

We carry an incredible selection of plants, shrubs, trees, annuals, perennials, vines, groundcovers, roses and much more. Soils, bulk materials, pottery and a variety of garden accents are also available.

Our plant selection is so large that you can actually drive a golf cart while you shop!

We pride ourselves on providing high quality plant, expert advice and an exceptional gardening experience.

Blog Search

Recent Posts

Tuesday, December 4, 2018
Winter Containers

Many of us plant containers for summer interest and leave them empty for the winter. I get very exci...

Wednesday, November 28, 2018
20 Great Gift Ideas For Christmas

Are you trying to figure out what to get everyone on your list for Christmas? We know it can be chal...

Tuesday, November 6, 2018
November 2018 in Your Garden

Happy November people!!! Scarecrow season was a Spooktacular success and thank you to all who came ...

Tuesday, November 6, 2018
Dwarf Conifers and Deciduous Trees For the Smaller Yard

Our world can change so quickly. We move into our first home with its tiny yard. We leave a larger...

Friday, October 5, 2018
Fall Colour Plants With Two Jobs

I think it is safe to say that all of us plant our gardens with a vision in mind that it will be bea...

Friday, October 5, 2018
Green Manure And Cover Crops

Monday, September 10, 2018
From Garden to Table

On August 29th, I was lucky enough to attend the Coquitlam Farmer’s Market Long Table Dinner, to whi...

Sunday, September 9, 2018
Cool and Crisp Fall Container Recipe

In this design we're featuring a cool and crisp container planting for early Fall. It includes 10 pl...

Sunday, September 9, 2018
12 Fantastic Ferns

Ancient history has a common thread, it is the fern. These plants have fossil records that date back...


Tag Cloud

winter containers porch pots winter planters winter decorations Christmas planters Christmas containers Christmas potsgift ideas Christmas gifts great Christmas ideas garderns gift ideas gift ideas for gardenersfall fall gardening winter gardening November plants with fall colour fall colour winter berriesdeciduous trees smaller conifers smaller yards dwarf conifers small space gardening fall foliage plant combinationsgreen manure cover crops fall crops fall rye rejuvenation mixgarden. edibles fall veggies farmers markets long table dinner kale fall and winter gardensfall container recipe container plantings container design cool and crispferns woodland plants tree ferns polystichum adiantum dryopteris plants for shadebulbs new bulbs spring bulbs flower bulbs new bulbs for 2018 tulips iris anemone hyacinth eremurusrare plants unusual plants collectors plants senecio angel wings eucalyptus russelia abutilon echium dendroserisdormant oil dormant oil spray dormant oil kit insect damage fruit trees protect from insects protect from fungusTop 6 Colourful Winter Plants Winter Interest Plant for Winter Colour Cold Hardy Plants Top 6 Plants Top 6 Winter Plants for Winter Interest Winter Plants Viburnum Davidii Leucothoe Rainbow Crabapple Red Sentinel Crabapple Tree Evergreen Shrub Skimmia Female Cedar Sienna Sunset Globe Cedar Skimmia Cedar for Winter Colorful Crabapple Fruit Tree Winteramaryllis hippeastrum buy amaryllis amaryllis bulbs indoor bulbs amaryllis care waxed amaryllisgrasses ornamental grasses gardening cool season grass warm season grass miscanthus pennisetum fall bulbs daffodils colourful companions new flower bulbs fall planters fall plantsplantsomethingbc contest bcplantstropical tropical plants outdoor tropical palm trees palms banana plants jasmine monkey puzzle tree phormium new Zealand flax agapanthusstrawberries strawberry strawberry care strawberry varieties day neutral strawberries june bearing strawberries alpine strawberries everbearing strawberries growing strawberries types of strawberries dahlias lilies canna calla florissa

Blog Roll

Other interesting gardening blogs that we follow include:

Blog RSS Feed

Keep in touch by subscribing to our RSS/Atom News Feeds


Subscribe Via FeedBurner

 Subscribe in a reader

Copyright (c) 2018 Art's Nursery Ltd.  | 8940 192nd Street, Surrey, BC, Canada, V4N 3W8  | tel: 604.882.1201  | SiteMap  | Privacy Statement |