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Wednesday, March 29, 2017
Posted By: Rebecca van der Zalm in Small Fruits and Berries

If you ask people what their favourite summertime berry is… odds are they will say Strawberry. These delightful tasty berries are easy to grow and are small enough that they can be grown in pots, gardens or even hanging baskets. In this short article, we’ll introduce you to Strawberries and some of the many varieties available at Art’s Nursery.
Bowl of Strawberries

Strawberries belong to the Fragraria genus of plants and are one of the most popular fruits for fresh eating, cooking, jams, jellies and desserts. They grow to about 6 inches high and have semi-evergreen leaves comprised of three leaflets with serrated edges.

Types of Strawberries

There are three different groups of Strawberries:

  • June Bearing Strawberries
  • Ever Bearing Strawberries
  • Alpine/Wild Strawberries

June-Bearing Strawberries

June Bearing Strawberries are also called Spring Bearing varieties. They respond to increasing amount of daylight and shortening nights by producing flowers and setting a large heavy crop of berries in late spring to early summer depending on your location. June Bearing varieties tend to be much sweeter than other varieties. They may also produce a small crop in the fall when days begin to shorten and nights get longer. These types tend to send out more runners than do ever-bearing varieties.

Ever-Bearing Strawberries

Ever bearing Strawberries, also called “Day Neutral” varieties, produce a smaller, steady stream of berries in Summer through to the Fall. As long as temperatures are between 35-85F (basically above freezing and below 30C), they will continue to produce flowers and fruit. Ever bearing varieties tend to produce the most in the first year. Their disadvantage is that they don’t ripen as many fruits at one time and while they may be juicier, they may not be as sweet as June-Bearing types.

Alpine Strawberries (Fragraria vesca)

Alpine Strawberries, Fragraria vesca, is also called Fraise de Bois. These plants tend to produce much smaller berries, but are packed with incredible flavor. They are day-neutral and produce most heavily in late summer. Some varieties are available as seed or ornamental types may be sold as groundcovers. Alpine strawberries do not normally produce runners, but will self-seed. Generally speaking, Alpines are easier to grow and need less fertile soil and moisture than do other types of strawberries.
Alpine Strawberries

Growing Strawberries

Strawberries need a location with full sun, but most do not do well in hot, dry conditions. Excessive heat and dryness also encourages Spider Mites. Strawberries thrive in very rich, moist, but well drained soil. Elevated, well drained loam or sandy loam is preferable. Amend the soil with well rotted manure or compost for added benefit.

Air circulation is also important. Give plants more space between plantings and the better they will do. 12-24 inches between plants is ideal.

Fertilizing Strawberries

All Strawberries benefit from a healthy application of bonemeal at planting time. For June Bearing varieties, apply a balanced all purpose or fruit tree/berry food a few weeks after planting, but before flower and berries begin to form. For Ever-bearing types, fertilize more often up until mid-summer to encourage a steady stream of fruit. We’ve seen lots of good results from using Kelp as a foliar feed throughout the season.

Strawberry Care

Strawberries are short lived. They decline in production after 3-4 years. For a continuous crop, plant a few new ones every year and remove old ones from your garden. Most varieties will renew themselves on their own by sending out long thin “runners” that will root and create new strawberry plants for you. Just sever the stem once the new plants are rooted, and enjoy them in place, or dig and re-locate them.

June bearing varieties also benefit from pinching first year blooms to ensure a better crop in the second year.

As mentioned, strawberries need a fair amount of moisture, about an inch a week is common. However, avoid getting the leaves wet as this can lead to mold and disease. Mold is one of the most common problems facing strawberry growers. Good hygiene is the key to prevention. Provide good air circulation, avoid excess moisture on the leaves and remove any overripe or moldy fruits as soon as you can.

Winter Strawberry Care

In the Fall, tidy up the area and remove old leaves to prevent pests and disease. Discard excess or unwanted runners. Cover your strawberry plants with straw just before frost. This helps prevent injury from low temperatures. Remove the mulch in Spring as growth begins and the chances of frost have declined.

Common Strawberry Varieties

June Bearing Varieties

All Star

AllStar Strawberries produce a very large, light orange to red berry with sweet red flesh. It’s a large, vigorous plant that can produce many runners. Mid-Season. Fruit is extra juicy and can be as large as plums.

Cavendish

Cavendish strawberry delivers tremendous yields and many runners. Berries are very large and dark red in colour. Flavour is good. Originally from Nova Scotia. Long fruiting season.

Fort Laramie

This June and Fall producing strawberry is known for its periodic production through the growing season. Exceptionally aromatic berries are large, sweet and have an excellent flavor. Yields are heavy at times

Honeoye

This variety features dark green leaves and produces many runners. Very productive and vigorous, its berries are bright red, slightly tart and very large. Long picking season

Kent

Kent Strawberry is a mid-season, high yielding variety with large berries and excellent flavor. A vigorous grower that produces berries great for fresh eating

Quinault

Quinault Strawberry features medium sized berries with good flavor that are periodically produced throughout the growing season. Fruits can appear as early as 4-5 weeks after planting.

Totem

Totem Strawberry is a mid-season produces of a heavy crop of large berries with a good, rich flavor. One of the most popular varieties for the Pacific Northwest
Eversweet Strawberry Runners

Ever Bearing Strawberry Varieties

Albion

Albion is one of the best varieties for U-Pick fields. Fruits emerge from May through October and deliver a heavy yield of medium sized berries with excellent flavor

EverSweet

EverSweet strawberries are exceptionally sweet and flavourful. Yields are good and the berries very large. A good heat resistant plant.

Hecker

A lesser known variety amongst home gardeners that is better suited for cooler climates. Delivers a very heavy yield of medium sized berries with excellent flavor.

Seascape

Seascape is a medium sized strawberry that is both vigorous and high yielding. Berries are very large, bright red, firm and sweet. Harvest from early summer through fall. Peak fruiting occurs between August and Early September. Best flavor when grown with enough hear.

Tristar

Tristar is a reliable heavy cropper with medium sized, but sweet berries. Great for fresh eating. Harvest from summer through fall. Dislikes excessive summer heat, but can produce a large fall crop.

How To Buy Strawberry Plants

You buy strawberry plants in a number of ways. In early spring, strawberry runners, or small roots are available in packs of 1o or 25 depending on the variety. This is a good, inexpensive way to start growing strawberries. If you want some of the guesswork removed, you can purchase small starter plants, usually in 4 inch pots by April. Larger plants are usually available year-round in our small fruit section at Arts Nursery. Please call ahead if you are looking for a specific variety as the selection is always changing depending on availability and season.

Want to Know More?

Join April 1, 2017 for our Root To Fruit, How to Grow Edibles At Home event. This casual event happens from 11am-3:00pm with Q&A and sessions on seeding, growing herbs and veg, small fruits and berries as well as planting and caring for fruit trees. Hope to see you there!


Wednesday, March 29, 2017
Posted By: Rebecca van der Zalm in Bulbs

Is it possible that Christmas comes again in March? Every year, new summer blooming bulb varieties are introduced in March. This year's lineup includes a number of gorgeous Dahlias, Lilies and a number of other treasures like Cobra Lilies, Canna Lilies and Daylilies. Enjoy!

New bulbs for 2017

Canadian Celebration Dahlia

Celebrate Canada’s 150th Birthday this summer by growing Canadian Celebration (Fire and Ice) Dahlia. It promises continuous flowers July through October. It’s a gorgeous and vibrant semi-double dahlia with true red and white petals surrounding a striking golden yellow centre that lends a friendly daisy-like appearance. Simply fun and eye-catching, this dahlia is ready to bring on the colour and patriotic spirit wherever it is grown. Whether your garden is large or small, this dahlia is ideal for borders, beds, and containers on balconies and patios. Easy to grow in well-draining soil and full sun, Canadian Celebration Dahlia reaches 40 cm (16”) in height. Flowers are 8-10 cm (3-4”) across, and the more you cut them for bouquets the more they’ll bloom.

Painted Madame Dahlia

The Painted Madame dahlia has light orange petals with speckled and striped red painted on like details. With its many layered petals and light green stem, this flower brings a vibrant and unique aspect to your garden. This bulb flowers July to October and grows 40-44 inches high. This exotic flower originating from Mexico and Guatemala’s Inca kings are one of the easiest to grow. It provides a wonderful source for cut flowers in mid-summer until the first frost.

Wizard of Oz - Pompom Dahlia

The Wizard of Oz Dahlia is a pompom like flower head with ball-shaped blooms that have an ombre-like tone under the petals. This textured and layered flower grows 3 inches wide and flowers mid-late summer. They enjoy full sun and are wonderful, long lasting cut flowers. This flower is a perfect add to your garden when looking for a pop of fun and liveliness.

New bulbs for 2017

Blackberry Ripple Giant- Dinnerplate Cactus Dahlia

The Blackberry Ripple Cactus Dahlia usually blooms in mid/late summer to early fall. Each bloom is uniquely colored typically pink or purple and has narrowly pointed petals which give it a cactus spidery look. This flower needs full sun and they are susceptible to the cold so be careful not to plant them too early and be sure to dig them up before the frost comes. The flower originates from Guatemala and Mexico. Cactus Dahlia’s can grow to 44 inches (110cm) tall.

Myrtle’s Folly - Giant Dinnerplate Dahlia

The Myrth’s Folly Dahlia is an impressive flower. Huge in size measuring up to 8 inches across and 36 inches high (90cm). This flower requires full sun and usually starts to blossom from mid summer to early fall. These Dahlias are easy to grow in the garden and usually have pink and red color petals with a mix of gold. These flowers don’t like the cold so you want to dig them up before he frost comes and store them in the winter before replanting them in the spring. Store them in a box covered with moistened sand and keep at (7-10 degrees Celsius).

Sylvia Ball Dahlia

The Sylvia ball dahlias have fresh orange-like blooms that bring a vibrant aspect to your flower beds. This layered flower creates a globe shape. These vibrant orange flowers are perfect for your mid-summer to first frost bouquets. These dahlias grow up to 40 inches. Although they are hardy they are susceptible to the cold.

New bulbs for 2017

Double Jill Dahlia

The Double Jill dahlia is a white and yellow glob shaped flower with an orange and red centre. Both the layered petals and lemon-vanilla shades gives the flower depth. Dahlias are amongst the easiest to grow and are an abundant source for cut flowers. They grow 40 inches high and strive in full sun making it perfect for those with no shade in their garden.

Sweet Violets - Novelty Pompom Dahlia

This Sweet violet has layered petals forming the flower head into a spherical shape. It grows 40 inches tall and is easy to grow. Sweet Violet dahlias are beautiful cut flowers and are very unique compared to other cut flowers thus usually making it the star of the bouquet.

Brigitta Alida - Giant Dinnerplate Dahlia

The Brigitta Alida dahlia is a large intense flower with a burgundy centre and lighter outer petals. This plant is deer resistant and with a single stem you can make a flower arrangement! They bloom from mid-summer to the first frost and enjoy full sun. There height ranges from 40 inches and this dahlia is quite hardy.

New bulbs for 2017

Mignus Randy - Giant Dinnerplate Dahlia

The Mingus Randy dahlia has a dinnerplate size flower head and is a great cut flower. It had a lavender colour centre and edges and in the between is a creamy white. Its pointed, thin petals give the flower a unique spunky look and are unlike most flowers. It grows up to 40 inches high and is fairly hardy, other than not liking the cold.

Penhill Watermelon Giant Dinnerplate Dahlia

Penhill Watermelon is a Giant Dinnerplate Dahlia variety in shades of luscious pink, peach and yellow. Flowers can measure up to 11 inches across!. Great cut flower. Provides nearly continuous blooms from summer through until first frost. Grows up to 60 inches in height

Apricot Fudge- Double Asiatic Lily

These elegant lilies have a rose like form. They are a soft peach in color and they are very strong flowers, resistant to disease and viruses which make them exceptional flowers for the gardens, containers as well as cut flowers. This Lily requires full sun and partial shade. They bloom double flowers off the stem in late spring, early summer and grow 25 to 36 inches. These Lilies multiply annually and have a beautiful fragrance that butterflies love.

New bulbs for 2017

Outback Trumpet Lily

The Outback Trumpet Lily has a creamy yellow colour with medium to dark coloured leaves. This superb flower that reaches 3 to 4 feet makes it perfect for a mid-garden setting. Since these flowers can grow tall, we suggest you plant them where they are protected from strong winds. They flower mid to late July and grow in full sun to partial shade. Furthermore its soft yellow petals and significant size also carry a strong fragrance. They make great cut flowers when planted in groups.

Campfire Dance Montbretia

This new Colourful Companions pack features 20 assorted Crocosmia corms that produce flowers in shades of yellow, orange and red. Also known as Montbretia, these intriguing flowers bloom in summer and are hummingbird magnets. Grows best in full sun. Reaches 24 inches in height.

Mercedes - Calla Lily

The Mercedes Calla lily is an upscale, posh flower like its name. Its intense green foliage and sleek pointed tips make this flower very different from others. It loves full sun and grows up to 2 feet. Its peachy and red tone highlights create an intense, stunning flower perfect for any occasion. This bulb is also perfect for containers as it has narrow foliage.

New bulbs for 2017

Vanilla Cream - Greenleaf Canna

The Vanilla Cream Greenleaf Canna flower has a unique shape with creamy white flowers and classic green foliage. It blooms mid-summer to late summer and strives in full sun. Its height rages from 24 inches- 60 inches thus requiring protection from strong winds. Other attributes include being deer resistant as well as gracing your kitchen dining table as cut flowers.

Arisaema speciousum- Giant Cobra Lily

Arisaema speciousum, also known as the Cobra Lily is a perennial which originates from India and requires part sun to mostly shade. In late spring to early summer usually three dark green textured leaves will appear with red edging. The plant will flower usually in May and will have a dark wine purple color with white pinkish stripes. The flower will hold a spadix which starts off thick and sturdy then turns to a crumpled red thread. This plant can grow anywhere from 30-34 inches high (76-86cm). The Giant Cobra Lily enjoys a mist well drained soil. This plant contains calcium oxalate crystals which can irritate the mouth and esophagus.

Here Lies Butch - Hemerocallis

This daylily has thick white and purple petals with lime trimmings. This plant produces 5 inch flowers across on 22 inch stems. The bloom season is typically from mid-late summer. This plant needs full sun and partial shade. All parts of the plant is edible, bee friendly and fragrant.

Most of these items are available at Art's for spring 2017, between February and the End of April. You can also shop for these in our webstore. As always, please call 604.882.1201 to confirm availability if you are making a special trip as quantities may be limited for some varieties.


Thursday, March 16, 2017
Posted By: Rebecca van der Zalm in Perennials

Hellebores are one of our favourite flowers for the later winter and early Spring. Given our never ending winter, we had the opportunity to grab a few photos and showcase some of our favourites, some new and some old. If you haven't planted at least one of these, your garden is missing out!
Hellebores

Royal Heritage Lenten Rose

Helleborus x hybridus ‘Royal Heritage’

A strain of hybrids with long-lasting cup shaped flowers in a range of colours including purple, pink, green, white, near black all with contrasting yellow stamens. Some flowers are spotted or brushed with a contrasting colour. Each blossom has overlapping petals forming a cup-shape. Flowers in late winter. Dark green leaves are leathery and serrated. Grows 18-24 inches in height.

Pink Marble Hellebore

Helleborus lividus ‘Pink Marble’

Pink Marble is shorter than many other Hellebores. It blooms in late February with rich pink buds and soft pink blooms on rosy-pink stems. Foliage is bluish-green and oval shaped with silvery veins. Excellent in a container as it only grows 10-12 inches in height. Deer resistant too!

Pennys Pink Hellebore

Helleborus ‘Pennys Pink’

Pennys Pink Hellebore is one of our favourites this year. This variety features large, cup-shaped flowers that emerge mauce-pink, maturing to deeper pink. Leaves are blue green, evergreen and leathery with silver green veining. Prune off old leaves in winter. Grows 18-24 inches in height.
 

Hellebores

 

Spring Party Lenten Rose

Helleborus x hybridus ballardeae

Spring Party Hellebores feature creamy white flowers on rosy stems. Green, gray and white marbled leaves. These blooms appear late winter to early spring and make a great addition to a shady high profile area where they can be enjoyed peeping out early in the season. Grows 10-14 inches in height

Champion Hellebore

Helleborus x ericsmithii ‘Champion’

Champion Hellebore features large creamy white flowers with a dark pink reverse. Handsome, evergreen foliage. Deer resistant. Grows 8-12 inches in height.

Merlin Hellebore

Helleborus ‘Merlin’

Merlin Hellebore features outward-facing, light pink to pink flowers that mature to a deep cranberry. Very dark foliage with dark stems. Deer resistant. Grows 12-15 inches tall.

Hellebores

 

Annas Red Lenten Rose

Helleborus ‘Annas Red’

Plants produce bushy clumps of thick, leathery evergreen leaves with large cup-shaped flowers. This selection features single burgundy-red flowers on red stems over marbled evergreen foliage. Prune off old leaves late winter before the buds emerge. Grows to a height of 18-24 inches

Spring Sweetie Lenten Rose

Helleborus orientalis Spring ‘Sweetie’

Large double, rose coloured flowers with purple dots. Bushy clump of evergreen leaves. Grows to 12-24 inches in height.

Spring Darling Lenten Rose

Helleborus orientalis Spring ‘Darling’

Plants produce a bushy clump of thick, leathery evergreen leaves. Flowers appear in a wide range of soft pastel shades. Features large, upward facing, single flowers in antique rose-pink with faint white veins and a central green flare. Great in containers. Grows 14-16 inches in height.

Hellebores

Spring Diamond Hellebore

Helleborus orientalis Spring ‘Diamond’

Flowers on this stunning variety are large in a wide range of soft pastel shades. This one is double in white to pale pink highlighted in green, each petal edged in rose. Plants produce a bushy clump of thick, leathery evergreen leaves. Grows 14-16 inches in height.

Peppermint Ice Winter Jewels Hellebore

Helleborus Winter Jewels ‘Peppermint Ice’

Peppermint Ice Hellebore forms a mound of leathery, evergreen foliage bearing upright stems of large, saucer-shaped blooms from late winter through spring. Features double blooms in shades of white and rose-red with a rim of darker pink edging. Deer resistant. Grows 15-18 inches tall.

Spring Velvet Lenten Rose

Helleborus orientalis Spring ‘Velvet’

Spring Velvet is a rare and unusual variety. Plants produce a bushy clump of thick, leathery, evergreen foliage. Flowers are large, upfacing, single and violet in colour with darker violet dots. Early flowering. Grows to 8-12 inches in height.
Hellebores

Double Fantasy Christmas Rose (Winter Dreams Series)

Helleborus niger ‘Double Fantasy’

Double Fantasy is a member of Winter Dreams Series of Hellebores. It produces beautiful, semi-double outward facing blooms with ruffled white petals and a golden stamens arranged in a circle. Stems are tall and are accented with handsome dark green leaves in compact clumps. Deer and rabbit resistant. Perfect in shaded woodland, native or shade gardens. Evergreen. Reaches 8-12 inches tall.

Cotton Candy Hellebore

Helleborus x hybridus ‘Cotton Candy’

Cotton Candy Hellebore features large, double fluffy pink nodding flowers in shades of light pink.Dark green foliage is deer resistant. An ideal variety in beds and borders. Grows 12-24 inches in height. Created by One of the world's top hybridizers, Marietta O'Byrne

Sparkling Diamond Hellebore

Helleborus ‘Sparkling Diamond’

Sparkling Diamond is a member of the Winter Jewels series of double hellebores. This variety produces a profusion of double, pure white blooms. A delight in the winter garden. Shade tolerant and deer resistant. Grows to a height of 12-14 inches.
Hellebore foetidus foliage

Stinking Hellebore

Helleborus foetidus

Rounding out this collection is the classic Stinking Hellebore. It is an evergreen perennial noted for its deeply divided dark green foliage and late winter to early spring bloom. Clusters of drooping, bell-shaped, greenish-white flowers start in February. Grows 12-24 inches in height.

How to Grow Hellebores

Helleborus are evergreen perennials that thrive in shade or part shade, usually around 3-6 hours of sunlight per day. They prefer moist, but well drained woodland soils. They benefit from regular watering, weekly or more often in extreme heat. Somewhat drought tolerant once established. Enrich soil with leaf mold or compost for better growth. Mulch for winter. They typically bloom from late winter through early spring and most are hardy from zones 4-9. Remove old leaves as new spring growth begins. Hellebores are often used in the border, in the cutting garden, as a groundcover, a mass planting or in the woodland garden.

 


Wednesday, November 9, 2016
Posted By: Laurelle Olfdord-Down in Winter Gardens

Well this is turning out to be an interesting month and that’s even without mentioning politics! Fasten your seatbelts ladies and gentleman…November has arrived! It’s the month I take stock of the harvest and look back on the past year…not just in the garden either.

I make notes about what worked and what didn’t and start a wish list. If I leave it to the New Year I find I forget stuff. There are so many interesting things to do still, indoors and outdoors and after the 20 degree temperature we’ve had I think I better fish out my flip flops from the Summer bin just in case. It’s easy to get a bit overwhelmed this month. Take your time, be selective with it and what you choose to spend energy on, there is no shame in just going for a walk or staying in and doing some thinking for a spell.

Given these interesting times we live in, I will leave you with one of my favorite quotes to ponder and a timely one I think: “When given a choice between being right and being kind, always choose kind.” Dr. Wayne Dyer.

Right then, here is your list:

Lawns

You likely have only one last mowing…if that. Raise your mower height and leave it a bit high. Rake the leaves off the lawn, don’t let them sit or you will have bare patches. Avoid traffic on waterlogged areas. Take note of any soggy areas and if we do get a dry few days you might want to correct the drainage. November rains are the dress rehearsal for the winter. We often have extremes in temperature as well. I would leave seeding for the spring at this point…you are likely pushing your luck. Still a bit of time for adding the odd piece of turf but you are past the point where I would lay sod. Once you’ve finished that last mow, drain the gas and take in the blade to get sharpened to avoid the spring rush.

winter Pruning

Trees and Shrubs

Remove any dead, damaged or diseased branches at any time. You can tell if a branch is dead by carefully scraping a tiny section of bark. If it's green underneath and still flexible, it's still alive. If its dry, brown and brittle, that branch is probably done-for. 

I do my main pruning in February but you can so some tidying of shrubs if they are flopping over. Raking is a daily chore. Put the Apple, Pear, Plum and Rose leaves in the green bin, the rest you can add to your garden beds or use as mulch around your other trees.

Now is a great time to plant new trees and hardy shrubs or start planning a new garden bed. If you can get one or two anchor trees or shrubs in now you can begin the infill layer of smaller perennials and grasses in the spring…so hubby if you are reading this…clear that new garden bed!

Veggie Gardens

Finish harvesting, check drainage and remove any rotting veggies. If you have a winter crop started you can get the cover in place if one is needed otherwise just continue to monitor and cull as needed.

Winter Planters

Planters

You have had a taste of the rain to come, check the drainage and correct. Time to pull out any blown Mums or other fall flowers and start thinking of your winter planter design. I like to add lanterns or other hard features as place holders for the winter greens you will be adding mid month. If you are like me and haven’t pulled out your begonias you might want to think about doing that soon.

Truly, I am like the cautionary tale of front door planters. “Don’t be like that lady down the street who still has flowering begonias a week before Christmas.” The greens are in at the nursery. If you start a little at a time it’s not that big of a job. Lol, who am I kidding I am going to leave it till the night before I have people coming over for a Christmas party. Adrenalin makes for excellent designs.

Ponds

Continue cleaning out the leaves and removing any rotting vegetation.

Planting Bulbs

Planting Bulbs

Yes, you can still keep planting bulbs as long the bulbs themselves are still in good shape! (Which they are - there havent been any harsh frosts yet!). Bulbs like Tulips, Daffodils and others are on sale too - yay!!!!!! – Plant them for a great selection of spring and late winter colour. Remember to plant in groups or drifts!

Cut Back Cannas

Overwintering Bulbs

Dahlias, Cannas and other tubers – We are just going to enjoy the last of the blooms until Mother Nature gives us a knock down hard frost to melt off the top growth, we’ve had a few light frosts but I still have green. Once that happens, dig them up, let them dry out on newspaper or cardboard in the garage, brush them off and store in a paper bag with pine shavings or sawdust.

Flower Beds

If you can avoid cutting back or raking your garden and the pollinators with thank you. The only things you will likely want to cut back if you have them are Peonies. The only raking and removal you should do are roses. Everything else can be a great mulch.

Birdfeeder and Birdhouses

Bird Feeders

Keep them clean and filled. We do have local Hummingbirds that stay all winter! Bird Feeders – After the wind and rain assess the placement of your feeder to make sure the seed is still dry. Clean often. Great time also to look up some fun pinecone feeder projects!!

That should do for now, enjoy your blustery month, take some time to ponder and plan and take care of yourselves!!

Cheers, Laurelle


Wednesday, November 9, 2016
Posted By: Rebecca van der Zalm in Winter Gardens

November can be a tough month for gardens. In our case, we've just been pummelled by nearly 30 days of continuous rain, but extremely mild temperatures. Plants are still growing and not everything has gone dormant, but they are taking swimming lessons in order to survive! Normally, this is a month where not too many things are left flowering, so most garden colour comes from foliage, stems, berries and bark. That's what this collection of a few of my favourite November plants has to offer.

Skimmia japonica Rubella

Rubella Japanese Skimmia

Skimmia japonica ‘Rubella’

Skimmias are workhorse evergreen shrubs ideal for part sun to part shade. Rubella offers red winter buds that open into white flowers in early Spring. It’s fragrant too! This male form is an excellent pollinator for female skimmia in order to produce red attractive berries on those plants. Rubella Skimmia can be used both in the garden or in containers when given a little winter protection. Hardy to zone 6

Wintergreen | Gaultheria procumbens

Wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens

Wintergreen is a cool season favourite in the Pacific Northwest. It is a North American native with glossy deep green leaves that acquire red tints in the winter. Pink bell-shaped summer flowers blooming are followed by bright red, edible berries in fall and winter. Berries and foliage have a strong wintergreen scent. Grows to 6 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide. A great companion for Rhododendrons, Azaleas or in woodland or wildflower gardens. Best grown in part shade to part sun in right, acidic, moist, but well drained soil. Water regularly in summer. Hardy in zones 3-7

Camellia Yuletide

Yuletide Camellia

Camellia sasanqua ‘Yuletide’

Camellia sasanqua ‘Yuletide’ is an extremely popular red flowering camellia shrub that typically blooms in November or December in our climate. Large red flowers with a golden stamens make an elegant statement in the winter garden. Great as a foundation shrub or espalier. Glossy, dark green, evergreen foliage can also be used to create a handsome natural hedge. Provide some protection from rain, snow and ice to maximize the flower show. Yuletide Camellia is a moderate grower reaching 8-10ft in height and width. Best in part sun to part shade, but will tolerate full sun in cooler climates like ours.

Holly Scallywag

Scallywag Holly

Ilex x meservae ‘MonNieves’

Scallywag Holly is an exciting discovery. It’s a sport of Little Rascal Holly, but is more upright growing while still keeping a dense rounded form. Shiny dark green foliage takes on an attractive purple-burgundy tone in fall and winter. It’s a wonderful foundation shrub with improved disease resistance too! While it is a male form, and will not produce berries, plant it near female varieties for use as a pollinator. Evergreen. Hardy in USDA zones 5-9. Prefers to be grown in full sun with moderate water. Slow growing, but will ultimately reach 4ft tall and up to 3ft wide.

Red Beauty Holly

Red Beauty Holly

Our second Holly this time around, Red Beauty provides abundant bright red berries combined with dense dark green, evergreen foliage. It’s a a wonderful shrub to frame an entrance or driveway. Excellent when clipped or made into an informal hedge. Dense conical form requires little pruning to maintain. For best berry display, plant a male Holly variety nearby as a pollinator. Hollies are lovely when combined with Pieris, Kalmia and Rhododendrons.

Arctic Fire Red Twig Dogwood

Arctic Fire Red Twig Dogwood

Cornus stolonifera ‘Farrow' Arctic Fire Dogwood is a Proven Winners variety of red twig dogwood with dark red winter stems that are great for cutting. Green leaves provide seasonal interest too! It’s cousins are native to many parts of B.C. and it does particularly well in well drained to even boggy soil. A great selection for mass plantings, cutting gardens and is generally considered to be deer resistant. For best stems, prune a third of the branches to the ground in late winter or early spring. Grows 3-5ft tall and equally as wide.

Wilmas Goldcrest Cypress

Wilma Goldcrest Cypress

Cupressus macrocarpa ‘Wilma Goldcrest’

This fantastic bright golden-lime yellow cypress is always a winter favourite for gardens and pots. While it is not terribly hardy, what it lacks in longevity is made up for with good looks. It also delivers a nice lemony fragrance when brushed or bruised. For best results, plant it in a sheltered location and as long as we don’t get too cold you should have reasonable success with it. Prefers full sun. Hardy in zones 7-10

Carstens Winter Gold Mugo Pine

Carsten’s Wintergold Mugo Pine

Grown by Monrovia, ‘Carstens Winter Gold’ Mugo Pine, is one of the finest of the gold-hued dwarf pines. Short densely arranged needles are an attractive deep green in spring and summer, turning a rich gold tone as cold weather arrives. Colour is most intense in colder climates. It’s an outstanding specimen in smaller gardens, or plant in groupings to make a bold statement in larger landscapes. Great in combination with Japanese Maples, Holly and Switch Grass (Panicum).

Silberlock Korean Fir

Silberlocke Korean Fir

Abies koreana 'Silberlocke'

One of my personal favourites! Silberlocke Korean Fir, or Abies koreana 'Silberlocke' is a smallish conifer with shiny dark green needles that twist to show the silvery white underside. Stately brown conifers grow upwards amongst the foliage for added interest. Very unique looking specimen for the garden. Like most conifers, it prefers full sun and moist, but well drained soil. Fairly slow growing, but can ultimately reach 30ft tall and 20ft wide. Hardy to zones 5-6

Silberschmelze Winter Heather

Silberschmelze Winter Heather

Erica x darlyensis 'Silberschmelze'

Yup, another 'Silber', this time its one of the most popular white heathers. Erica x darleyensis 'Silberschmelze' is an attractive plant with dark green, almost conifer like foliage and creamy young growths in spring. White bell-shaped flowers are produced in abundance fromearly winter until late spring. Like most heathers, this one like full sun and moist, but well drained acidic soils. Most of our soils are naturally acidic, but if in doubt, mix in some peat moss into your soil or use an acidifying fertilizer like our Garden Pro Azalea / Rhododendron food. Silverschmelze Heather grows to 20 inches in height and up to 28 inches wide. Prune it lightly in spring after the flowers have finished to keep it looking neat and tidy. Hardy in zones 6-8.

As always, call ahead 604.882.1201 to confirm availability of these or any other plants as our selection is always changing.


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Art's Nursery is a 10+ acre retail and wholesale garden centre located in Surrey, a suburb of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. We've been in business at this same location since 1973 and we're proud to serve you today!

We carry an incredible selection of plants, shrubs, trees, annuals, perennials, vines, groundcovers, roses and much more. Soils, bulk materials, pottery and a variety of garden accents are also available.

Our plant selection is so large that you can actually drive a golf cart while you shop!

We pride ourselves on providing high quality plant, expert advice and an exceptional gardening experience.

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